With the Research & Development ("R&D") Tax Credit now permanent and expanded, more and more businesses are taking full advantage of this valuable credit. As manufacturing continues to be a mainstay in the American economy, it’s crucial for owners and operators of these facilities to maximize the opportunity provided by the federal government (some states offer benefits too).

Prior to being permanently extended in 2015, the research credit was a temporary code section that expired every couple of years. The uncertainty surrounding its fate created several tax planning issues for taxpayers. With these concerns now a thing of the past, manufacturers should take another look at their business and the potential for tax savings. Companies involved with new product development, improving existing products or initiating process improvements to their production lines are prime candidates for the R&D credit. Generally, development efforts that include the following activities are likely to qualify for the credit.

Examples of Potentially Qualified R&D Activities:

Developing new, improved, or more reliable products/processes/formulas with the intent of:

    • Improving strength, durability, service life
    • Cost saving
    • Reducing transit damage
    • Developing processes that would meet stringent regulatory requirements
    • Developing new or improved quality assurance testing process
    • Testing prototype samples
    • Experimenting with new or improved filling and packaging techniques
    • Process improvements, including:

• Filling and sealing of the product
• Packaging
• New die design/techniques
• Minimizing environmental impact – waste control and recycling
• Flexibility and agility due to increased product volume and diversity

  • Developing prototypes using computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing process
  • Determining tooling requirements and optimal placement of equipment


The Potential Benefits of the R&D Credit

There are several benefits to realizing the R&D tax credit. These benefits can include the following:

  • Up to 13.5 cents of R&D tax credit for every qualified dollar
  • Dollar-for-dollar reduction in your federal and state income tax liability
  • Increased in earnings-per-share
  • Reduction of your effective tax rate
  • Improved cash flow
  • Unused credits carried forward up to 20 years
  • Look back studies can recognize unclaimed credits for open tax years (generally 3 or 4 years)

Manufacturing Process

There are several phases in the manufacturing process that may qualify for R&D Tax Credits.

Qualifying Phases:

  • Phase 1 – Concept Development
  • Phase 2 – Applied Research
  • Phase 3 – Design Development
  • Phase 4 – Prototype
  • Phase 5 – First Run & Testing

Non-Qualifying Phases:

  • Phase 6 – Full Production
  • Phase 7 – Life Cycle Management

Why Now and Not Before?

Monetization has never been easier. Qualified small businesses may now apply the R&D Tax Credit against Alternative Minimum Tax (“AMT”). Additionally, qualified startup companies may elect to use up to $250,000 of R&D credits against their payroll taxes. The R&D Tax Credit is an often overlooked and misunderstood tax benefit. Most tax preparers only associate R&D with technology, biotechnology and pharmaceutical activities. Treasury regulations have substantially broadened the range of taxpayers eligible for the credit. As a result, more companies can take advantage of these benefits.

It is undeniable that there is a unique opportunity for manufacturing businesses, large and small that conduct qualifying research, to take advantage of this credit. Estimate the benefits and get more information.

Author: Michael Maroney

Download Article: KBKG Tax Insight: Now Permanent, R&D Tax Credit Offers Unique Opportunity for Manufacturers